Depression - what is it?

Depression. What is it and how to treat this disease?

At the same time, it is both a natural human feeling and a serious illness, and for this reason it is difficult to recognize when medical care is required, and when depression is a "natural" reaction to the misfortune that has befallen a person - loss of work or loss of a loved one. The feeling of sadness and sadness, arising from any misfortune or life tragedy, is natural. But if this feeling remains for a very long time, longer than you consider acceptable yourself, your family and friends, this condition is called depression.

There are two the most common forms of depression are caused by external factors, as described above, and internal. Sometimes depression is associated with other diseases such as anemia, or thyroid trouble. Internal, or endogenous, depression is associated with biological changes in the brain, and some doctors compare it with diabetes, that is, the brain does not metabolize, just as diabetes does not process sugar, and therefore insulin injections are needed. Another form of depression manifests itself in increased activity or in mania and is accompanied by a manic-depressive syndrome. This disease is often hereditary and can be characterized as a tendency to a pathologically elevated mood (euphoria). Postpartum depression, also known as the "seven-day sadness," is associated with hormonal changes in the body of a woman that occur after the birth of a child. This depression can be very deep.

Causes of the disease

Hereditary predisposition, negative experiences in childhood, hormonal and biochemical imbalances, unpleasant life events, lack of communication, isolation and other factors all make depression one of the most common diseases. Only 15 of 1000 people with depression will turn to the doctor, and the rest will prefer to "get out" alone. Polls confirm that about 75% of people recognize a loss of energy, vitality and the emergence of a constant sense of sadness.

Symptoms of the disease

Most experts admit that the diagnosis of "depression" is often not made. Depression is not given due attention both by the person himself and by the doctor to whom this person appeared. Often this is because depression is accompanied by certain physiological symptoms or a recurring pattern of behavior, for example, compulsive kleptomania is often an indication that a person is depressed.

Among the classic symptoms, a feeling of depression, a loss of joy in life, a loss of dignity and self-confidence, a sense of desperation and longing, an inability to concentrate, fatigue, thoughts of suicide. Among the physiological symptoms - motor retardation, monotonous posture, hunched up, face without expression, speech slow, the activity of the digestive system is also slowed, hence loss of appetite, constipation.

Often a person wakes up early in the morning and does not want to sleep anymore, or is observed, on the contrary, hypersomnia - pathological drowsiness - a person sleeps for a long time and still does not get enough sleep. Depression affects the sex drive. Often there is impotence and loss of sexual desire, a woman may suddenly stop monthly. Often there are constant headaches.

Many people in a state of depression turned to a doctor, having the form of mild hypochondria: every cough seems to be a potential cancer, and every headache seems like a brain tumor.

Depression can be masked further and take the form of a painful addiction to alcohol or drugs. Repeated accidents on the road and promiscuous sex life sometimes serve as a cover for deep depression. Depression is very common and is a serious disorder, as it can lead to suicide, its symptoms are also dangerous. Therefore, in order to provide appropriate treatment, it is important to identify depression at an early stage.

Prevention and self-treatment

It is important to distinguish between sadness and a "healthy" sense of sadness from depression, as this will help to survive a difficult time, whether it is job loss, relationship breakage or the death of a loved one. The main thing is to accept change and accept loss, that is not to suppress oneself. Give yourself a cry, express your feelings - sometimes anger may be hidden under depression - "Why did he leave me?", "Why did this happen to me?"

Keep a diary - this can be a very good way to understand what is bothering you.

Talking with a friend - of course, any of you in a grief will turn to a friend, this is a natural reaction, we are like children who want our mother to stroke her bruised knee. It is for those people who do not have friends and live in isolation, that normal life frustrations can turn into depression.Physical exercises - a great way to raise your mood and return energy.

In the mild form of depression, jogging, swimming, cycling are prescribed. 10-15 minutes of exercise a day will allow you to avoid the appearance of external signs of depression.

Proper breathing and relaxation are also helpful, but these exercises should be administered with caution and only to those who have moderate depression.
Usually, to cope with a small or even with a severe depression, we are looking for different ways of distraction. It can be a "withdrawal" into bad habits (tobacco, alcohol, promiscuity, drugs, gluttony, kleptomania) or you can do good things (listen to music, read books, make hair, go for a massage, find a new hobby). Diet and nutrition can both cause mood swings and alleviate depression.

Ayurvedic medicine, in essence, focuses on how one can influence the mood and energy level of a person through changes in the diet. Stop drinking coffee, tea, cola, that is stimulants, and stick to a full diet, eat more vitamin B1, B6 and vitamin C. Take one tablet of each vitamin 2 times a day for a month.

Unconventional treatment

Bach's medications. Fatigue and exhaustion - plum; Feeling of bitterness and resentment - willow; Despair and hopelessness - juniper; Extreme despair - edible chestnut; A major change in life is a walnut. 2 drops of the essence of the drug for a cup of spring water. Take 4 drops of the solution 4 times a day.


Among the recommendations - a proper diet, exercise and hydrotherapy. Very good results are given by cold baths in the morning, especially in cases of moderate or severe depression in asthenic conditions after infectious diseases.


Mild depression and a feeling of depression can be removed with a massage with rubbing aromatic oils, you can also add to the bath 6-8 drops of one of the following oils: pink, thyme, sage, chamomile or basil. You can also do inhalations: three drops of oil on a handkerchief or piece of cloth, inhale through the nose for one minute. Repeat three times a day.


The following homeopathic remedies are recommended:

- tears and despondency - Nat. Mur 6x (sodium chloride);

- a black veil before the eyes - Aurum. Net. 6x (gold metal);

- melancholy and talkative - Lycopodium 6x (plaun);

- depression and hopelessness - Sulfur 6x (sulfur);

- Uncountable fear and lack of self-confidence - Calc. Carb. 6x (calcium carbonate).

In each case, take one tablet 3 times a day for six days.


The effect on the jen-chung point, which is in the hollow beneath the nose, just above the upper lip, helps. Easily press this point with the tip of the nail on the index finger. Do not press strongly, as this can cause a rise in blood pressure; The exposure time is not more than one minute.


Herbal tea is a common remedy for depression (try verbena or borage). To lift the mood will help a cup of hot rosemary tea or ginger.

Traditional treatment

Early diagnosis is important. Now most doctors will prescribe group therapy, physical exercises and antidepressants, all together. Antidepressants must be taken for a long time, sometimes many months, so that the body has the necessary biochemical changes, because Depression occurs because of biochemical imbalance. In some cases, patients take medication their entire life. Patients with severe depression who have suicidal tendencies should be hospitalized, and if depression is not amenable to drug treatment, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), or in other words, electroshock, is needed.

There are several different classes of antidepressants, and depending on the depth of depression depends which drugs to prescribe

With exogenous depression, group therapy or psychotherapy is prescribed, especially in cases where the cause of depression is a major loss or death of a loved one.