Bipolar affective disorder (formerly Manic-depressive psychosis) is a mental disorder characterized by sharp mood swings. Usually a person is in a normal state between bouts of mood changes.
The concept of "Mania" is used when a person is in an excited state and feels self-confident. This state is replaced by a feeling of irritability, anger.
The word "Depression" describes the state of depression and sadness of the patient. Sometimes the patient is diagnosed with the wrong diagnosis of "depression", since in a manic disorder there are similar symptoms, sadness and depression are observed.
The main causes of bipolar disorder are genetic predisposition, changes in the chemical elements of the brain, as well as stress, important changes and events in life. Studies are being conducted to establish the relationship between causes and the onset of bipolar disorder. Also affect the development of the disease may be trauma and brain disease, nervous tension and the properties of a person's character.
In bipolar disorder, a person can experience several attacks of one phase, then an attack of an opposite phase of mood may develop.
- Excessive feeling of happiness, optimism and excitement;
- Sharp change of good condition to irritability and anger;
- Difficulties with the focus;
- Increased energy and reduced need for sleep;
- Increased sexual desire;
- Drawing up impractical tasks;
- Acceptance of rash decisions;
- Abuse of alcohol or drugs;
- Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness;
- Loss of interest in your favorite pursuits; - Impossibility to concentrate;
- It is difficult to make a decision;
- Increased need for sleep;
- Insomnia or hypersomnia;
- Decrease or weight gain.
Bipolar disorder affects both men and women. However, women suffer more frequent bouts of mood changes. Unlike men, women are more likely to experience depression.
In bipolar disorder, counseling is required. Treatment takes place in several stages. Man is prescribed drugs, the selection of which is done individually. With increased excitability, sedative medications are prescribed, with physical or mental retardation - drugs that stimulate activity.
Bipolar disorder is a disease that is difficult to treat. It is characterized by relapses, so treatment with a highly qualified specialist is necessary.